Nazi Crimes on Trial
'Dachau Trials'
Trials by U.S. Army Courts in Europe 1945 - 1948

File Number: US173
Review Date:
470902
Case Number:
174 12-2000 & 12-390A & 12-391 & 12-565 & 12-1872 & 12-1892 & 12-2127 & 12-2182 & 12-3188 (US vs. Jürgen Stroop et al)
Crime Category:
War Crimes; Administrative Crimes
Accused:
Albrecht, Wilhelm - 15 Years
Best, Georg - 15 Years
Eichel, Hans - Death Sentence
Fay, Bernard - 5 Years
Führ, Arthur - Death Sentence
Girke, Fritz - Death Sentence
Goehrendt, Wilhelm - Acquittal
Goss, Erwin - Death Sentence
Hammann, Philipp - 15 Years
Hellenbroich, Heinz - Death Sentence
Höhler, Wilhelm - Death Sentence
Kiwitt, Josef Johann - Death Sentence
Lassak, Julius - 3 Years
Michely, Heinrich - Death Sentence
Möller, Hermann - Death Sentence (R&R: Life Sentence)
Nahrgang, Paul - 5 Years
Raaf, Michael - Death Sentence
Somann, Otto - 4 Years
Stattmann, Karl Franz - Death Sentence
Stroop, Jürgen - Death Sentence
Trummler, Hans - Death Sentence
Branner, Leonard - (partial) trial in absentia, no findings & sentence (escaped confinement)
Court: General Military Government Court at Dachau, Germany 470110-470321
Country where the crime had been committed:
Germany
Crime Location:
(I) - (II) Places within the German Reich (III) Giessen (IV) Wiesbaden (V) Delkenheim (VI) Bensheim (VII) Bieber (VIII) Offenbach (IX) Wallrabenstein (X) Bensheim
Crime Date:
411209-450508
Victim:
POW's
Nationality:
American
Agency:
Police, HSSPF Wehrkreis XII, Inspector/Commander Security Police and Security Services Rhein-Westmark area, SS Officials and Gestapo Members; Schupo; Wehrwolf
Subject of the proceeding:

(I). German nationals, individuals and collectively, as principles, accessories, leaders, organizers, instigators and accomplices, did engage in, formulate and participate in a common plan or design to commit, or cause to be committed Violations of the Laws of War and pursuant thereto did, willfully, deliberately and wrongfully encourage, aid, abet, order and participate in subjection of members of the Armed Forces of nations then at war with the then German Reich, who were then and there surrendered prisoners of war in the custody of the then German Reich, to cruelties and mistreatment, including killings, beatings, torture and other indignities.
(II). The accused were all members of an organization declared criminal by the International Military Tribunal in Case No. 1.
(III). The accused Lassak turned over a captured American flyer to the Gestapo. Later the airman was shot and killed by Branner in conformity with orders issued by his immediate superior Wintzer (441003).
(IV). The accused Trummler ordered Hohler, Fuhr and Fraud, all Gestapo agents under his command, to kill a captured American flier who was in Gestapo headquarters. In conformity with this order, Höhler and Führ drove the airman out of town where he was shot and killed by Fraund (441009).
(V). The accused Trummler ordered Höhler and Führ to kill an American airman that was detained in the Gestapo headquarters. The two accused transported the airman out of town where he was shot and killed (441230; see also US174).
(VI). The accused Stattmann and Raaf escorted an American airman to a wooded area where he was shot and killed. This act was done in conformity with orders issued by his immediate superior (450215).
(VII). Eichel ordered the accused Albrecht to kill an American airman after he had been interrogated. Albrecht refused to do this, whereupon Eichel ordered Möller to kill the flyer. Outside the police station both Eichel and Kiwitt incited a crowd by making inflammatory remarks directed at the flyer. The airman left the police station with Moller, accompanied by Albrecht and a policeman named Como. In a forest near Bieber, Germany, Moller shot the flyer to death (450222).
(VIII). An American airman was captured and sent to the police station in Bieber, Germany. The accused Michely and Schneider reported to Kiwitt who ordered them to kill the airman. While escorting the flyer outside , an air raid alarm sounded and then three men hid in a bunker. While in the bunker they came into the presence of the accused Nahrgang who directed Fay and Hammann to kill the airman but make it appear that the prisoner was tryin to escape. The flier was shot three times resulting in his death (450222).
(IX). An American airman was brought to a school by the accused Michely. Goss ordered Michely to take the flyer to Idstein and kill him on the way. The order given by Goss to Michely was in conformity with an order from the accused Stroop through the accused Best. That evening, in conformity with this order, Michely took the flyer toward Idstein and shot him on the way (450318).
(X). Two captured American prisoners of war were brought to the Gestapo headquarters in Bensheim, Germany. Accused Girke ordered the accused Hellenbroich to have Stattmann and Raaf to kill the two prisoners in the garden on the rear of the headquarters. In conformity with the order Stattmann and Raaf shot and killed the two men (450324.