Nazi Crimes on Trial
'Dachau Trials'
Trials by U.S. Army Courts in Europe 1945 - 1948

File Number: US450
Review Date:
480415
Case Number: 000-50-37 (US vs Arthur Kurt Andrae et al)
Crime Category: War Crimes, NS-Crimes in Detainment Centers
Accused:

Andrae, Arthur Kurt - 20 Years (st. 460810)
Brauny, Erhard - Life Sentence
Brenneis, Otto- not served, not tried
Brinkmann, Otto Georg Werner - Life Sentence
Buehring, Emil Otto - Life Sentence
Detmers, Heinz Georg Alfred - 7 Years (st. 470117)*
Fuchsloch, Josef - Acquittal
Heinrich, Kurt - Acquittal
Helbig, Oscar Georg - 20 Years (st.450520) (R&R: 10 Years)
Jacobi, Rudolf - Life Sentence
Kilian, Josef - Life Sentence
Koenig, Georg Wilhelm - Life Sentence
Maischein, Paul - 5 Years (st. 460802)
Moeser, Hans - Death Sentence
Palkow, Stephan - not served, not tried
Rickhey, Georg Johannes - Acquittal
Ritz, Hans - not served, not tried
Sawatzki, Albin - not served, not tried
Schmidt, Heinrich - Acquittal
Simon, Wilhelm - Life Sentence
Ulbricht, Walter - 5 Years (st. 450814)
Walenta, Richard - 20 Years (st. 460306)
Zwiener, Willi - 25 Years (st. 450505)
Court: General Military Government Court at Dachau, Germany, 470807-471230
Country where the crime had been committed: Germany
Crime Location: KL Nordhausen (Mittelbau-Dora), KL Ellrich, KL Harzungen, KL Niedersachswerfen, KL Rottleberode; evacuation transport from KL Niedersachswerfen to KL  Ravensbrück, from KL Nordhausen to KL Bergen Belsen, from KL Rottleberode to KL Gardelegen (April 1945)
Crime Date: 390901-450505
Victim: Prisoners, POW's, Jews
Nationality: American, Polish, Soviet, Belgian, Dutch, German, French, Italian, Czechoslovakian, Hungarian, unknown
Agency: Detainment Center Staff KL Nordhausen (Mittelbau-Dora), KL Ellrich, KL Harzungen, KL Niedersachswerfen, KL Rottleberode; Prisoner Functionary
Subject of the proceeding: Performing guard and supervisory duties in the concentration camps as well as during the evacuation transports, thereby participating in the subjection of POW's and civilian nationals of nations at war with Germany to cruelties and mistreatment. Mishandling (partly fatal) shooting  and hanging of prisoners

* Sentence to be served concurrently with the sentence imposed upon the accused in United States v. Piorkowski et al., Case No. 000-50-2-23. The accused was sentenced therein to imprisonment for 15 years. However, it was reduced to five years, commencing 17 January 1947, by the Reviewing Authority.