nazi crimes on trial

all-german cases




Case Nr.1061
Crime Category: Euthanasia
Hebold, Dr. Otto Life Sentence
LG/BG Cottbus 650712
Country where the crime was committed: GDR
Crime Location: Berlin, HS KL Sachsenhausen, HuPa Bautzen-Seida, HuPa Bernburg, HuPa Eberswalde, HuPa Pfaffenrode, HuPa Schussenried, HuPa Sonnenstein, Brandenburg-Görden prison
Crime Date: 4005-4303
Victims: Mentally Disabled, Members of the Resistance
Nationality: German, unknown (foreign)
Agency: Euthanasia-Aktion T4 (medical expert)
Subject of the proceeding: Participation in the 'Euthanasia Program' through the evaluation of approx. 6000 registration forms delivered by mental institutions as well as of approx. 25000 patients from mental institutions in Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Württemberg, Lippe-Detmold, Thüringia, Silesia and the Altmark. Participation in gassings in the mental institutions of Bernburg and Sonnenstein. Selection of mentally ill and feeble-minded inmates of KL Sachsenhausen (Aktion 14f13)

Case Nr.901
Crime Category: Euthanasia
Bun., Dr.med. Heinrich 3 Years
End., Dr.med. Klaus Sentence of  23.5.1967 quashed by the BGH, afterwards unfit to stand trial
Ull., Dr.med. Aquilin Karl 3 Years
LG Frankfurt/M. 870518
LG Frankfurt/M. 670523
BGH 700807
BGH 881214
Country where the crime was committed: Germany
Crime Location: HuPA Bernburg, HuPA Brandenburg/Havel, HuPA Sonnenstein
Crime Date:
Victims: Mentally ill
Nationality: German
Agency: Euthanasia-Aktion Medical Staff HuPA Sonnenstein, HuPA Bernburg, HuPA Brandenburg
Subject of the proceeding: Identification of the patients who had arrived in the centers to be put to death, causing their gassing and dispatching so-called  comfort letters to misguide their relatives

Case Nr.1345
Crime Category: Euthanasia, Mass Extermination Crimes in Camps
Sch., Fritz Erich 9 Years
LG/BG Dresden 491214 Az.: StKs6/47
Country where the crime was committed: GDR, Poland
Crime Location: HuPa Sonnenstein, HuPa Leipzig, HuPa Hochweitzschen, HuPa Bernburg, KL Treblinka
Crime Date:
Victims: Mentally ill, Jews
Nationality: German, unknown
Agency: Euthanasie-Aktion Nursing Staff HuPa Sonnenstein, HuPa Leipzig,  HuPa Hochweitzschen,  HuPa Bernburg, Detainment Center Staff KL Treblinka
Subject of the proceeding: Participation in the gassing of mentally ill in extermination institutions in Germany and of Jews in KL Treblinka

Case Nr.1760
Crime Category: Euthanasia
Ack., Hildegard Klara Franziska 8 Years
Felfe, Hermann Death Sentence
Fri., Lina Klara 3 Years
Fri., Martha Gertrud Acquittal
Gäbler, Karl Erhardt Death Sentence
Her., Eduard Robert 20 Years
Lan., Dr. Günther Rudolf 15 Years
Leonhardt, Dr. Ernst Death Sentence
Nitsche, Prof. Dr. Hermann Paul Death Sentence
Pus., Johanna Marie-Luise 3 Years
Räpke, Wilhelm Paul Life Sentence
Sac., Elsa Gertrud 15 Years
Sch., Dr. Walter Herbert Acquittal
Wal., Dr. Esther Gertrud Acquittal
Wed., Luise Marie 8 Years
LG/BG Dresden 470707 Az.: 1Ks58/47 (S)1/47
OLG Dresden 470927 Az.: 20.211/47
Country where the crime was committed: GDR
Crime Location: Berlin, HuPa Arnsdorf, HuPa Leipzig-Dösen, HuPa Grossschweidnitz, HuPa Sonnenstein
Crime Date: 39-45
Victims: Mentally ill
Nationality: German
Agency: Euthanasie-Aktion Medical Staff HuPa Arnsdorf,  Leipzig-Dösen, HuPa Grossschweidnitz, Sonnenstein, Nursing Staff HuPa Grossschweidnitz, HuPa Sonnenstein
Subject of the proceeding: Participation in the Euthanasia program through the elaboration of guidelines as 'Obergutachter' ('senior reviewer') and by certain practical measures (Prof. Dr. Nitsche). The other defendants had been involved in the murder of mentally ill patients in various capacities (physician, institution director, nurse) and ways (transport, supervision, undressing, evaluation or administration of enhanced doses of sedatives)


all-german trials (overview)