DDR-Justiz und NS-Verbrechen
Nazi Crimes on Trial

* Glossary *

Case Nr.1087
Crime Category: War Crimes, Other Mass Extermination Crimes, Other NS-Crimes
Oberländer, Theodor Erich Ernst Emil Otto life sentence Rehab: Sentence annulled, while considered a violation of the rule of law
Ob. Gericht der DDR 600429
LG/BG Berlin 931124
Country where the crime was committed: GDR, Poland, Ukraine, Russia
Crime Location: Berlin, Justin, Kislowodsk, Königsberg, Lemberg, Naltschik, Pjatigorsk, Satanow, Slawianskaja, Solotschew, Tarnopol, Timoschewska
Crime Date: 33-43
Victims: Civilians, Jews, Prisoners of War
Nationality: Soviet
Agency: Btl.Nachtigall (Nightingale battalion), Einheit Bergmann (Bergmann unit)
Subject of the proceeding: Lending support to the German politics of aggression against Poland, the Baltic states and the USSR, as leader of the Alliance of the German East (Bund Deutscher Osten). Participation, as head of the Nightingale battalion, in the battalion's mishandlings, arrests and killings of Jews, communist officials and other civilians, in Lemberg and other places in East Galicia, in July 1941. Recruitment of Soviet prisoners of war for the war against the USSR. Killing of recruited prisoners of war, who simulated unfitness, or who refused to fight against their own people. Leader of the 'fremdvölkischen' ('ethnic-foreign') Bergmann unit, which carried out mishandlings and single and mass shootings, among them of inmates of the Pjatigorsk prison and of prisoners of war unfit to march. Destruction of towns during the retreat from the Caucasus

Published in DDR-Justiz und NS-Verbrechen vol. III


The court decision(s) of this case can be found in the printed volumes of the series or (on-line) here.

Press reports